DIET:

  • There isn’t one diet that will suit everyone with IBS.
  • It depends entirely on how you as an individual react to certain foods and liquids.
  • It is worth keeping a food/drink and symptom diary for a while to see if you can find any relationship between particular foods and a flare up in your symptoms.
  • In doing this you can avoid these foods and hopefully improve your symptoms.
  • FIBRE:
    • There are two types of fibre;
      • Soluble: oats, barley, rye, fruit, root vegetables and linseed.
      • Insoluble: whole grains, bran, cereal, nuts and seeds.
    • Fibre is a tricky one for IBS patients as the type and amount you consume can have a direct impact on your bowel habits.
    • For example if you find yourself constipated a lot than increasing your insoluble fibre intake can help whereas the opposite applies for if you have diarrhoea (decrease your soluble fibre intake).
  • LOW FODMAP DIET:
    • Effective in reducing bloating!!
    • It stands for: fermentable, oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharaides and polyols.
    • Oligosaccharides and so on are the types of carbohydrates that aren’t as easily broken down and digested.
    • This means that they sit in the gut fermenting and producing excess gas, which causes bloating.
    • A low FODMAP diet simply involves restricting your intake of high FODMAP foods.
    • It is best to get guidance from a dietician before undertaking a low FODMAP diet.
  • REDUCING STRESS:
    • When it seem like your body is rebelling against you keeping your stress levels under control can be very difficult.
    • But if you can it will help to reduce the frequency and the severity of your symptoms.
    • You could try meditation or breathing exercises, regular exercise/activity such as yoga or swimming or if you find yourself particularly stressed you may find therapy or counselling to be more beneficial.
  • PROBIOTICS:
    • Probiotics are dietary supplements, which contain ‘friendly bacteria’ that restore the natural balance of the gut when it has been disrupted.
    • Since the natural balance of the gut in anyone with IBS is disrupted it is thought that taking probiotics could help to manage and restore order to the gut and its symptoms.